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J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2013 Nov;68(6):933-43. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbt100.

Direct social support and long-term health among middle-aged and older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
Correspondence should be addressed to Emily J. Nicklett, MSW, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, 1080 S University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. E-mail: enicklet@umich.edu.

Erratum in

  • J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2014 Mar;69(2):336.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined whether or not direct social support is associated with long-term health among middle-aged and older adults with diabetes mellitus.

METHOD:

Direct social support was assessed at baseline (2003) for 1,099 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus from the Health and Retirement Study. Self-reported health status was examined at baseline and in 4 biennial survey waves (2003-2010). A series of ordinal logistic regression models examined whether or not the 7-item Diabetes Care Profile scale was associated with a subsequent change in health status over time. Additional analyses examined whether or not individual components of direct social support were associated with health status change.

RESULTS:

After adjusting for baseline covariates, greater direct social support as measured by the Diabetes Care Profile was associated with improved health outcomes over time; however, this trend was not significant (p = .06). The direct social support measures that were associated with improved health over follow-up were support for taking medicines (odds ratio [OR] = 1.22), physical activity (OR = 1.26), and going to health care providers (OR = 1.22; all p < .05).

DISCUSSION:

Interventions that specifically target improving specific aspects of diabetes social support may be more effective in improving long-term health than less targeted efforts.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetes; Regimen; Self-rated health; Social support.

PMID:
24150176
PMCID:
PMC3805290
DOI:
10.1093/geronb/gbt100
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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