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BMJ Open. 2013 Oct 21;3(10):e003525. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003525.

Communication in interdisciplinary teams: exploring closed-loop communication during in situ trauma team training.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Investigate the use of call-out (CO) and closed-loop communication (CLC) during a simulated emergency situation, and its relation to profession, age, gender, ethnicity, years in profession, educational experience, work experience and leadership style.

DESIGN:

Exploratory study.

SETTING:

In situ simulator-based interdisciplinary team training using trauma cases at an emergency department.

PARTICIPANTS:

The result was based on 16 trauma teams with a total of 96 participants. Each team consisted of two physicians, two registered nurses and two enrolled nurses, identical to a standard trauma team.

RESULTS:

The results in this study showed that the use of CO and CLC in trauma teams was limited, with an average of 20 CO and 2.8 CLC/team. Previous participation in trauma team training did not increase the frequency of use of CLC while ≥2 structured trauma courses correlated with increased use of CLC (risk ratio (RR) 3.17, CI 1.22 to 8.24). All professions in the trauma team were observed to initiate and terminate CLC (except for the enrolled nurse from the operation theatre). The frequency of team members' use of CLC increased significantly with an egalitarian leadership style (RR 1.14, CI 1.04 to 1.26).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study showed that despite focus on the importance of communication in terms of CO and CLC, the difficulty in achieving safe and reliable verbal communication within the interdisciplinary team remained. This finding indicates the need for validated training models combined with further implementation studies.

KEYWORDS:

ACCIDENT & EMERGENCY MEDICINE; ANAESTHETICS; MEDICAL EDUCATION & TRAINING

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