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PLoS One. 2013 Oct 17;8(10):e77688. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077688. eCollection 2013.

Prevalence of dementia and subtypes in Valladolid, northwestern Spain: the DEMINVALL study.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Hospital Universitario Río Hortega, Valladolid, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the prevalence of dementia and subtypes in a general elderly population in northwestern Spain and to analyze the influence of socio-demographic factors.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional, two-phase, door-to-door, population-based study. A total of 870 individuals from a rural region and 2,119 individuals from an urban region of Valladolid, Spain, were involved. The seven-minute screen neurocognitive battery was used in the screening phase. A control group was included.

RESULTS:

A total of 2,170 individuals aged 65 to 104 years (57% women) were assessed. There were 184 subjects diagnosed with dementia. The crude prevalence was 8.5% (95% CI: 7.3-9.7). Age- and sex-adjusted prevalence was 5.5 (95% CI: 4.5-6.5). Main subtypes of dementia were: Alzheimer's disease (AD) 77.7%, Lewy Body disease, 7.6% and vascular dementia (VD) 5.9%. Crude prevalences were 6.6% (AD), 0.6% (Lewy Body disease), and 0.5% (VD). Dementia was associated with age (OR 1.14 for 1-year increase in age), female sex (OR 1.79) and the absence of formal education (OR 2.53 compared to subjects with primary education or more).

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of dementia in the study population was lower than the most recent estimates for Western Europe. There was a high proportion of AD among all dementia cases and very low prevalence of VD. Old age, female sex, and low education level were independent risk factors for dementia and AD.

PMID:
24147055
PMCID:
PMC3798383
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0077688
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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