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Infect Genet Evol. 2014 Jan;21:8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2013.10.009. Epub 2013 Oct 19.

Evaluation of the relationship between IL28B, IL10RB and IL28RA single-nucleotide polymorphisms and susceptibility to hepatitis C virus in Chinese Han population.

Author information

1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning Province, China. Electronic address: jguojiang@sina.com.cn.
2
Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning Province, China. Electronic address: kanghui65@sina.com.cn.
3
Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning Province, China.

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with both viral and host factors. Cytokines, such as interferon (IFN)-λ, play a critical role in modulating the innate and adaptive immune systems. This study aims to investigate the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of interleukin (IL) 28B, IL10RB, and IL28RA genes and susceptibility to HCV infection in a population from the Liaoning Province of China. We used high resolution melt-polymerase chain reaction (HRM-PCR) analyses for genotype 6 polymorphisms in these genes in 271 chronic HCV-infected patients and in 300 healthy control subjects. The distribution of IL10RB and IL28RA genotypes among the HCV-infected and control groups did not differ significantly. However, we did find that the four IL28B variants were in complete linkage disequilibrium (r(2) = 0.831-0.922), and the frequency of rs8099917 GT genotype was significantly higher among chronic HCV-infected patients than among controls (OR = 2.21, 95% CI = 1.33-3.68, P = 0.00193); the G allele was found more frequently in the chronic HCV-infected group than in the control group (OR = 2.10, 95% CI = 1.28-3.44, P = 0.00276). Haplotype analysis showed that IL28B (rs12980275, rs11881222, rs12979860 and rs8099917) haplotype AACT had a protective effect for HCV infection (OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.33-0.83, P = 0.00551). This study indicates that the four SNPs in IL28B are correlated with susceptibility to HCV infection.

KEYWORDS:

Hepatitis C virus (HCV); High resolution melt (HRM); IL10RB; IL28B; IL28RA; Polymorphism

PMID:
24144988
DOI:
10.1016/j.meegid.2013.10.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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