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Qual Life Res. 2014 May;23(4):1279-92. doi: 10.1007/s11136-013-0560-0. Epub 2013 Oct 19.

Validation of a Quality of Life Questionnaire for Bronchiectasis: psychometric analyses of the Spanish QOL-B-V3.0.

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1
Pneumology Service, Hospital Regional Universitario de Málaga. IBIMA (Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga), Universidad de Málaga, Avenida Carlos Haya, 29010, Malaga, Spain, casi1547@separ.es.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Bronchiectasis is a chronic disease, leading to worsening of health-related quality of life. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of a new patient-reported outcome for non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, the Quality of Life Questionnaire Bronchiectasis, translated into Spanish (QOL-B-Sp-V3.0).

METHODS:

This prospective study recruited clinically stable patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis at 4 Spanish centers. Health status was assessed with multiple indicators (dyspnea, exacerbations, bronchorrhea, etc.), microbiological, radiological, spirometric, and anthropometric parameters plus St-George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Psychometric analyses included internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity, predictive validity, and responsivity to change.

RESULTS:

The 207 stable patients (mean age 57.2 years) had a Bhalla score of 11.53 ± 7.39 and FEV1% of 68.3 ± 22.2 %. One hundred and sixty-one stable patients repeated the test 2 weeks later, and 80 patients who had an exacerbation within 6 months of the assessment also repeated it. Internal consistency was high across all scales (Cronbach's alpha >0.70). Thirty-six of 37 items correlated more strongly with their assigned scale than a competing scale. Test-retest coefficients were strong (intraclass correlations r = 0.68-0.88). All scales, except Treatment Burden, discriminated significantly between patients with mild, moderate, and severe disease according to FEV1% and other respiratory parameters. Strong convergence was found between the QOL-B-Sp-V3.0 and SGRQ. Significant correlations were found between QOL-B-Sp-V3.0 and various clinical, spirometric, radiological, and anthropometric variables. Significant differences were found on all QOL-B-Sp-V3.0 scales, except emotional functioning, between the baseline responses and onset of an exacerbation; robust sensitivity to change was observed on the Respiratory Symptoms scale.

CONCLUSIONS:

The QOL-B-Sp-V3.0 questionnaire demonstrated strong reliability and validity. Scores were reproducible after 2 weeks, and it discriminated between patients who varied in severity and was responsive to changes related to exacerbation.

PMID:
24142190
DOI:
10.1007/s11136-013-0560-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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