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Braz J Psychiatry. 2013 Jul-Sep;35(3):237-42. doi: 10.1590/1516-4446-2012-0840.

Disordered eating behaviors and body image in male athletes.

Author information

1
Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Department of Nutrition, Porto AlegreRS, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify disordered eating behaviors and body image dissatisfaction, as well as their relationship to body fat (BF), among male athletes in high risk sports for eating disorders.

METHODS:

One hundred and fifty-six male athletes were divided into the following categories: weight-class sports, sports where leanness improves performance, and sports with aesthetic ideals. BF was assessed and three questionnaires were used: the Eating Attitudes Test; the Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh; the Body Shape Questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Disordered eating behaviors and body image dissatisfaction were found in 43 (27.6%) and 23 athletes (14.7%), respectively, and an association was detected between the two variables (p < 0.001). Athletes with and without disordered eating behaviors did not differ in %BF (11.0 ± 5.2% and 9.8 ± 4.0%, respectively; p = 0.106). However, athletes with body image dissatisfaction had higher %BF than those who were satisfied (12.6 ± 5.9% and 9.7 ± 3.9%, respectively; p = 0.034). There were no differences in BF, frequency of disordered eating behaviors, and body image dissatisfaction between sports categories.

CONCLUSION:

Nearly one-quarter of athletes showed disordered eating behaviors, which was associated with body image dissatisfaction. Athletes with higher %BF were more likely to be dissatisfied with body image. There was no difference in eating behavior and body image between athletes from different sports categories.

PMID:
24142083
DOI:
10.1590/1516-4446-2012-0840
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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