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Trends Plant Sci. 2014 Jan;19(1):52-61. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2013.09.008. Epub 2013 Oct 16.

Field high-throughput phenotyping: the new crop breeding frontier.

Author information

1
Department of Plant Biology, Unit of Plant Physiology, University of Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: jaraus@ub.edu.
2
CIMMYT Southern Africa Regional Office, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Abstract

Constraints in field phenotyping capability limit our ability to dissect the genetics of quantitative traits, particularly those related to yield and stress tolerance (e.g., yield potential as well as increased drought, heat tolerance, and nutrient efficiency, etc.). The development of effective field-based high-throughput phenotyping platforms (HTPPs) remains a bottleneck for future breeding advances. However, progress in sensors, aeronautics, and high-performance computing are paving the way. Here, we review recent advances in field HTPPs, which should combine at an affordable cost, high capacity for data recording, scoring and processing, and non-invasive remote sensing methods, together with automated environmental data collection. Laboratory analyses of key plant parts may complement direct phenotyping under field conditions. Improvements in user-friendly data management together with a more powerful interpretation of results should increase the use of field HTPPs, therefore increasing the efficiency of crop genetic improvement to meet the needs of future generations.

KEYWORDS:

crop breeding; phenotyping; remote sensing; spatial variability; stress tolerance

PMID:
24139902
DOI:
10.1016/j.tplants.2013.09.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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