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Neuron. 2013 Oct 16;80(2):312-25. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2013.09.007.

Goals and habits in the brain.

Author information

1
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1 3BG, UK. Electronic address: r.dolan@ucl.ac.uk.

Abstract

An enduring and richly elaborated dichotomy in cognitive neuroscience is that of reflective versus reflexive decision making and choice. Other literatures refer to the two ends of what is likely to be a spectrum with terms such as goal-directed versus habitual, model-based versus model-free or prospective versus retrospective. One of the most rigorous traditions of experimental work in the field started with studies in rodents and graduated via human versions and enrichments of those experiments to a current state in which new paradigms are probing and challenging the very heart of the distinction. We review four generations of work in this tradition and provide pointers to the forefront of the field's fifth generation.

PMID:
24139036
PMCID:
PMC3807793
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2013.09.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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