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Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2014 Feb;65(1):21-7. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2013.836741. Epub 2013 Oct 21.

Cheese consumption and prevalence of overweight and obesity in a Basque adult population: a cross-sectional study.

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1
Department of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) , Vitoria , Spain.

Abstract

Studies have reported a negative association between dairy product consumption and weight status. However, not as much research has focused on cheese; therefore, the aim of this study was to study the association between cheese intake and overweight and obesity in a representative Basque adult population. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was obtained from a random sample of 1081 adults (530 males and 551 females, 17-96 years old). Cheese consumption data were expressed as g/1000 kcal/day. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was higher in men (55.1%) than in women (35.4%) (p < 0.001). Participants with low or moderate intake of fresh and processed cheese demonstrated a higher prevalence of excess weight, compared with those with higher consumption. The confounding variables selected in multivariate analysis were: occupational status and age in both genders; and place of residence in men. In conclusion, negative associations were found between consumption of some types of cheese and overweight and obesity in this population.

PMID:
24138541
DOI:
10.3109/09637486.2013.836741
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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