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J Biopharm Stat. 2013;23(6):1383-402. doi: 10.1080/10543406.2013.834912.

Covariate imbalance and adjustment for logistic regression analysis of clinical trial data.

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1
a The EMMES Corporation , Rockville , Maryland , USA.

Abstract

In logistic regression analysis for binary clinical trial data, adjusted treatment effect estimates are often not equivalent to unadjusted estimates in the presence of influential covariates. This article uses simulation to quantify the benefit of covariate adjustment in logistic regression. However, International Conference on Harmonization guidelines suggest that covariate adjustment be prespecified. Unplanned adjusted analyses should be considered secondary. Results suggest that if adjustment is not possible or unplanned in a logistic setting, balance in continuous covariates can alleviate some (but never all) of the shortcomings of unadjusted analyses. The case of log binomial regression is also explored.

PMID:
24138438
PMCID:
PMC4279871
DOI:
10.1080/10543406.2013.834912
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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