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Am J Physiol. 1985 Oct;249(4 Pt 2):F546-52.

A double-membrane model for urinary bicarbonate secretion.


To define the transport pathway for HCO-3 secretion (JHCO3) across the apical and basolateral membranes of turtle bladder, we examined the effects of cAMP, isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX), the Cl- channel blocker 9-anthroic acid (9-AA), and the disulfonic stilbene DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-sulfonic acid) on the electroneutral and electrogenic components of JHCO3. Total JHCO3 was measured by pH stat titration of the mucosal compartment after Na+ absorption and H+ secretion were abolished by ouabain and a delta pH, respectively. Addition of cAMP or IBMX increased total JHCO3 and induced a short-circuit current (ISC), accounting for a large part of JHCO3; net Cl- absorption was reduced. Mucosal 9-AA inhibited the IBMX-induced electrogenic component of JHCO3, whereas mucosal DIDS inhibited the electroneutral component and acetazolamide reduced both. We suggest that HCO-3 is generated within the cell by a Na-independent primary active acid-base transport at the basolateral membrane (H+ extrusion into the serosal compartment). Cellular HCO-3 accumulation drives JHCO3 via a Cl-HCO3 exchanger at the luminal membrane. IBMX and cAMP activate a 9-AA-sensitive anion conductance parallel to the exchanger. The apparent reversal of the transport elements between the two cell membranes (compared with H+-secreting cells) led to an ultrastructural examination of the carbonic anhydrase-rich cells.

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