Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cell Biochem. 2014 Feb;387(1-2):39-53. doi: 10.1007/s11010-013-1867-4. Epub 2013 Oct 18.

Novel mechanism regulating endothelial permeability via T-cadherin-dependent VE-cadherin phosphorylation and clathrin-mediated endocytosis.

Author information

  • 1Russian Cardiology Research-Industrial Complex, Ministry of Health, 3rd Cherepkovskaya St. 15a, 121552, Moscow, Russia.


T-cadherin is a unique member of the cadherin superfamily of adhesion molecules. In contrast to "classical" cadherins, T-cadherin lacks transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains and is anchored to the cell membrane via a glycosilphosphoinositol moiety. T-cadherin is predominantly expressed in cardiovascular system. Clinical and biochemical studies evidence that expression of T-cadherin increases in post-angioplasty restenosis and atherosclerotic lesions-conditions associated with endothelial dysfunction and pathological expression of adhesion molecules. Here, we provide data suggesting a new signaling mechanism by which T-cadherin regulates endothelial permeability. T-cadherin overexpression leads to VE-cadherin phosphorylation on Y731 (β-catenin-binding site), VE-cadherin clathrin-dependent endocytosis and its degradation in lysosomes. Moreover, T-cadherin overexpression results in activation of Rho GTPases signaling and actin stress fiber formation. Thus, T-cadherin up-regulation is involved in degradation of a key endothelial adhesion molecule, VE-cadherin, resulting in the disruption of endothelial barrier function. Our results point to the role of T-cadherin in regulation of endothelial permeability and its possible engagement in endothelial dysfunction.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center