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Mol Imaging Biol. 2014 Jun;16(3):322-9. doi: 10.1007/s11307-013-0693-0.

Differences in transport mechanisms of trans-1-amino-3-[18F]fluorocyclobutanecarboxylic acid in inflammation, prostate cancer, and glioma cells: comparison with L-[methyl-11C]methionine and 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose.

Author information

1
Research Center, Nihon Medi-Physics Co., Ltd, Chiba, Japan, shuntaro_oka@nmp.co.jp.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We aimed to elucidate trans-1-amino-3-[(18)F]fluorocyclobutanecarboxylic acid (anti-[(18)F]FACBC) uptake mechanisms in inflammatory and tumor cells, in comparison with those of L-[methyl-(11)C]methionine ([(11)C]Met) and 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose ([(18)F]FDG).

PROCEDURES:

Using carbon-14-labeled tracers, in vitro time-course, pH dependence, and competitive inhibition uptake experiments were performed in rat inflammatory (T cells, B cells, granulocytes, macrophages), prostate cancer (MLLB2), and glioma (C6) cells.

RESULTS:

Anti-[(14)C]FACBC uptake ratios of T/B cells to tumor cells were comparable, while those of granulocytes/macrophages to tumor cells were lower than those for [(14)C]FDG. Over half of anti-[(14)C]FACBC uptake by T/B and tumor cells was mediated by Na(+)-dependent amino acid transporters (system ASC), whereas most [(14)C]Met transport in all cells was mediated by Na(+)-independent carriers (system L).

CONCLUSIONS:

The low anti-[(18)F]FACBC accumulation in granulocytes/macrophages may be advantageous in discriminating inflamed regions from tumors. The significant anti-[(18)F]FACBC uptake in T/B cells may cause false-positives in some cancer patients who undergo FACBC-positron emission tomography (PET).

PMID:
24136390
DOI:
10.1007/s11307-013-0693-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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