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Cell Death Dis. 2013 Oct 17;4:e864. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2013.392.

Src42A modulates tumor invasion and cell death via Ben/dUev1a-mediated JNK activation in Drosophila.

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Department of Interventional Radiology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Signaling and Disease Research, Shanghai 10th People's Hospital, School of Life Science and Technology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China.


Loss of the cell polarity gene could cooperate with oncogenic Ras to drive tumor growth and invasion, which critically depends on the c-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK) signaling pathway in Drosophila. By performing a genetic screen, we have identified Src42A, the ortholog of mammalian Src, as a key modulator of both Ras(V12)/lgl(-/-) triggered tumor invasion and loss of cell polarity gene-induced cell migration. Our genetic study further demonstrated that the Bendless (Ben)/dUev1a ubiquitin E2 complex is an essential regulator of Src42A-induced, JNK-mediated cell migration. Furthermore, we showed that ectopic Ben/dUev1a expression induced invasive cell migration along with increased MMP1 production in wing disc epithelia. Moreover, Ben/dUev1a could cooperate with Ras(V12) to promote tumor overgrowth and invasion. In addition, we found that the Ben/dUev1a complex is required for ectopic Src42A-triggered cell death and endogenous Src42A-dependent thorax closure. Our data not only provide a mechanistic insight into the role of Src in development and disease but also propose a potential oncogenic function for Ubc13 and Uev1a, the mammalian homologs of Ben and dUev1a.

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