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Indian J Med Res. 2013 Sep;138(3):317-21.

Morbidity pattern in hospitalized under five children with sickle cell disease.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College, Nagpur, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES:

Children with sickle cell disease require more frequent hospital care and younger children (<5 yr of age) are more vulnerable to mortality. There are limited data on the events leading to hospitalizations and death in younger children with sickle cell disease from India. This study was, therefore, undertaken to evaluate the morbidity pattern in hospitalized under five children with sickle cell disease in a tertiary care hospital in Maharashtra, India.

METHODS:

This was a prospective observational study carried out from July 2007 to June 2009. Hospitalized children below five years of age with sickle cell disease were enrolled for the study and evaluated for morbid event/s leading to hospitalization. Haematological indices were noted at baseline (most recent past when patient was not acutely sick) and at the time of hospitalization.

RESULTS:

Eighty five children with sickle cell disease were hospitalized during the study period. Hospitalization with acute febrile illness (31%) was the most common morbid event followed by severe anaemia (30%) and acute painful events (20%). Majority (62%) of the events occurred between August and October. Forty five patients had foetal haemoglobin (HbF) more than 20 per cent (26.80 ± 4.81%) and morbidity was significantly less in these patients.

INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION:

Acute febrile illness was the most common morbid event followed by severe anaemia and acute painful event hospitalized children with sickle cell disease. There was significant seasonal variation with maximum events occurring in the monsoon season.

PMID:
24135175
PMCID:
PMC3818593
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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