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Clin Mol Hepatol. 2013 Sep;19(3):266-72. doi: 10.3350/cmh.2013.19.3.266. Epub 2013 Sep 30.

Regional prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Korea has increased recently. The aim of the present study was to determine the regional differences in the prevalence and characteristics of NAFLD.

METHODS:

From January 2009 to December 2010, 161,891 Seoul and Gyeonggi-do residents receiving a health examination at our institution were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. After applying exclusion criteria, the data of 141,610 subjects (80,943 males, 60,667 females) were analyzed. The presence of NAFLD was established by ultrasound examination.

RESULTS:

The overall prevalence of NAFLD was 27.3% (38.3% in men, 12.6% in women). When standardized according to age, area, and sex, the prevalence of NAFLD was 25.2%. The age and area standardized prevalence of NAFLD was higher for men (34.4%) than for women (12.2%; P<0.001). The overall prevalence of NAFLD was higher in Gyeonggi-do (27.7%) than in Seoul (26.9%; P<0.001). Among the men, the prevalence of NAFLD was higher in Gyeonggi-do (39.2%) than in Seoul (37.4%; P<0.001), while for the women it was higher in Seoul (13.2%) than in Gyeonggi-do (12.0%; P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

The regional prevalence of NAFLD differed between Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Further studies are needed to establish the etiology of this difference.

KEYWORDS:

Body mass index; Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; Prevalence

PMID:
24133664
PMCID:
PMC3796676
DOI:
10.3350/cmh.2013.19.3.266
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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