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Clin Otolaryngol. 2013 Dec;38(6):474-80. doi: 10.1111/coa.12189.

Quality of life and associated factors in persons with chronic rhinosinusitis in the general population: a prospective questionnaire and clinical cross-sectional study.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps describes methods to perform population-based and clinical studies on chronic rhinosinusitis in a standardised way, and it also describes how to clinical investigate CRS. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate quality of life and objective findings in persons with chronic rhinosinusitis recruited from the general population.

DESIGN:

As part of a trans-European study, selected respondents to a survey questionnaire were invited for a clinical visit. Subjective symptoms and rhinoscopy were used for the clinical diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis, and persons with and without chronic rhinosinusitis were compared.

SETTING:

This research took place in the department of Otolaryngology, Odense University Hospital.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 366 persons participated at the clinical visit, and of these, 91 were diagnosed with chronic rhinosinusitis, 271 without chronic rhinosinusitis and four persons were excluded.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Severity of symptoms and disease-specific quality of life were measured using the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test 22, and generic quality of life was measured using European quality of life - 5 dimensions including an index score and a visual analogue scale.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of chronic rhinosinusitis was 9%, and the prevalence of polyps was 4%. Persons with chronic rhinosinusitis had significantly reduced disease-specific quality of life (P = 0.00) and generic quality of life (P = 0.04 and 0.01) compared with persons without chronic rhinosinusitis. Having chronic rhinosinusitis was correlated to age, allergic rhinitis and smell.

CONCLUSION:

This study gives insight into health-related quality of life and objective findings in persons with chronic rhinosinusitis recruited from the general population.

PMID:
24131818
DOI:
10.1111/coa.12189
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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