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J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ. 2014 Apr;19(2):143-75. doi: 10.1093/deafed/ent043. Epub 2013 Oct 16.

Principles and guidelines for early intervention after confirmation that a child is deaf or hard of hearing.

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Speech, Language & Hearing Sciences, University of Colorado, Campus Box 409, Boulder, CO 80309-0409. Christie.Yoshi@Colorado.EDU.


This document is a supplement to the year 2007 position statement of the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing and provides comprehensive guidelines for establishing strong early intervention (EI) systems with appropriate expertise to meet the needs of children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH). Optimal outcomes can only be achieved when there is high quality to the universal newborn hearing screening programs, the audiologic diagnostic process of confirmation that a child is D/HH and fitting of amplification, and the provision of appropriate, individualized, targeted, and high-quality EI services. There are 12 best practice guidelines for EI programs that include the provision of timely referral to EI services with providers who have knowledge and skills in early childhood deafness and hearing loss, infusion within the system of partnerships with parents as well as professionals who are D/HH, longitudinal developmental assessments for monitoring the child's development, data management systems that include developmental outcomes, a process to monitor the fidelity of the intervention, and appropriate services for children with additional disabilities, those from non-English speaking families, and those from special populations, including unilateral hearing loss and auditory neuropathy/dyssynchrony.

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