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J Infect Dis. 1985 Nov;152(5):1050-6.

Natural resistance to salmonellae in mice: control by genes within the major histocompatibility complex.


Determinations of 50% lethal dose (LD50) values in H-2 congenic B10 lines showed that late-emerging resistance (postimmune response phase) to salmonellae of intermediate virulence was less in H-2b and H-2d than in H-2a, H-2k, and H-2f mice. Association of resistance to H-2 was confirmed by backcross analysis, and LD50 determinations on H-2 recombinant haplotype strains showed that resistance maps to the I-E subregion. Bacterial growth curves in liver and spleen showed that susceptible mice carried bacteria for longer in the reticuloendothelial system than did resistant mice and that susceptible mice showed greater splenomegaly. Association of resistance and susceptibility to H-2 was not different when sister transductant salmonellae expressing somatic antigens O4 and O9 were used. Thus a gene(s) within the major histocompatibility complex controls natural resistance to salmonellae in mice by influencing the ability to clear bacteria from the reticuloendothelial system in the later phase of the infection, and the immunodominant O antigen cannot be solely involved.

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