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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Jul;40(1):13-25. doi: 10.1002/jmri.24333. Epub 2013 Oct 11.

Clinical performance of contrast enhanced abdominal pediatric MRI with fast combined parallel imaging compressed sensing reconstruction.

Author information

1
Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To deploy clinically, a combined parallel imaging compressed sensing method with coil compression that achieves a rapid image reconstruction, and assess its clinical performance in contrast-enhanced abdominal pediatric MRI.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

With Institutional Review Board approval and informed patient consent/assent, 29 consecutive pediatric patients were recruited. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI was acquired on a 3 Tesla scanner using a dedicated 32-channel pediatric coil and a three-dimensional SPGR sequence, with pseudo-random undersampling at a high acceleration (R = 7.2). Undersampled data were reconstructed with three methods: a traditional parallel imaging method and a combined parallel imaging compressed sensing method with and without coil compression. The three sets of images were evaluated independently and blindly by two radiologists at one siting, for overall image quality and delineation of anatomical structures. Wilcoxon tests were performed to test the hypothesis that there was no significant difference in the evaluations, and interobserver agreement was analyzed.

RESULTS:

Fast reconstruction with coil compression did not deteriorate image quality. The mean score of structural delineation of the fast reconstruction was 4.1 on a 5-point scale, significantly better (P < 0.05) than traditional parallel imaging (mean score 3.1). Fair to substantial interobserver agreement was reached in structural delineation assessment.

CONCLUSION:

A fast combined parallel imaging compressed sensing method is feasible in a pediatric clinical setting. Preliminary results suggest it may improve structural delineation over parallel imaging.

KEYWORDS:

coil compression; compressed sensing; contrast-enhanced abdominal pediatric MRI; parallel imaging

PMID:
24127123
PMCID:
PMC3984374
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.24333
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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