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Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2013 Nov;111(5):358-63. doi: 10.1016/j.anai.2013.07.020. Epub 2013 Aug 20.

Office-based exhaled nitric oxide measurement in children 4 years of age and older.

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Pediatric Residency Program, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri. Electronic address:



Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is increasingly being used in the office-based management of asthma, but data in children are limited.


To report FENO values in 4- to 7-year-old children with suspected asthma and characterize their relation to clinical variables and describe the relation among FENO levels, age, and sex in 4- to 18-year-old children with suspected asthma.


Retrospective data in 4- to 18-year-old children (n = 825) who underwent FENO testing using the NIOX MINO device were collected and analyzed. Chart reviews were performed for the 4- to 7-year-old children (n = 75).


FENO values ranged from less than or equal to 5 to 89 ppb in 75 4- to 7-year-old children and less than or equal to 5 to 300 ppb in 750 > 7 to 18-year-old children. Approximately one tenth of 4- to 7-year-old children and one third of > 7 to 18-year-old children had FENO values indicative of eosinophilic/allergic inflammation (>35 ppb). In regression analysis of the 4- to 7-year-old children, increasing age (P = .03) and asthma severity (P = .01) were associated with higher FENO levels. Atopic dermatitis was significantly associated (P = .03), whereas allergic rhinitis was marginally associated (P = .06), with higher FENO levels. Inhaled corticosteroid use was associated with lower FENO levels (P = .02).


This study characterizes the largest cohort of 4- to 7-year-old children to undergo FENO testing in ambulatory asthma management. Correlations between FENO levels and clinical variables were consistent with established findings in older children. This preliminary real-world study suggests that FENO assessment may be feasible and useful in the office-based asthma management of children as young as 4 years.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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