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J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2013 Sep 1;7(5):1328-36.

A novel insulin combination of insulin degludec and insulin aspart achieves a more stable overnight glucose profile than insulin glargine: results from continuous glucose monitoring in a proof-of-concept trial.

Author information

1
Department for Internal Medicine, Center for Diabetes and Metabolism, Fachklinik Bad Heilbrunn, Woernerweg 30, D-83670 Bad Heilbrunn, Germany. andreas.liebl@fachklinik-bad-heilbrunn.de.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Insulin degludec coformulated with insulin aspart (as IDegAsp) can cover 24 h basal insulin and postprandial insulin requirements after a main meal with one injection. We compared glycemic stability following IDegAsp or insulin glargine (IGlar) given before the evening meal in patients with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS:

A subset of 112 insulin-naïve type 2 diabetes patients from a randomized, parallel-group trial (IDegAsp versus IGlar, each added to metformin) underwent 72 h continuous interstitial glucose (IG) monitoring after 16 weeks of treatment. End points included mean IG concentrations, 2 h postprandial IG increments and postprandial peak, IG fluctuation (summed area above and below mean IG), within-subject coefficient of variation (day-to-day variation) in mean nocturnal IG, and episodes of low (<3.5 mmol/liter) and high (>10 mmol/liter) IG. Values were derived for the entire 72 h, with the nocturnal interval (0001-0559 h) also assessed.

RESULTS:

The postdinner IG increment observed with IGlar did not occur with IDegAsp [IDegAsp - IGlar, -1.42 (-2.15, -0.70) mmol/liter]. Nocturnal IG fluctuation was 21% lower with IDegAsp [IDegAsp/IGlar, 0.79 (0.66, 0.96) mmol/liter], with 48% fewer nocturnal high IG episodes [ratio IDegAsp/IGlar, 0.52 (0.32, 0.87)].

CONCLUSIONS:

IDegAsp given with the evening meal reduces postdinner glucose excursion and provides more stable nocturnal glycemia as compared with IGlar.

PMID:
24124961
PMCID:
PMC3876378
DOI:
10.1177/193229681300700524
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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