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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2013 Jun 11;93(22):1691-5.

[Protective effects of beraprost plus simvastatin on monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension in rats].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Infection Diseases, Affiliated Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University & Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung & Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing 100029, China.



To explore the protective effects of beraprost plus simvastatin on monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension in rats.


Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated to control (C), untreated pulmonary arterial hypertension (P), beraprost (B), simvastatin (S) and combination groups (Com) (n = 8 each). Normal saline was injected subcutaneously into group C and then there was no other intervention for 21 days. Group P, B, S and Com rats received subcutaneous injections of monocrotaline (MCT, 60 mg/kg) and then isovolumetric normal saline, beraprost (100 µg·kg(-1)·d(-1)), simvastatin (2 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)) and beraprost (100 µg·kg(-1)·d(-1)) plus simvastatin (2 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)) by daily gastric lavage for 21 days. At Day 22, heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and mean pulmonary pressure (mPAP) were detected and right heart ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI) was calculated. The histopathology changes and tunica media thickness percentage of pulmonary arteries (WT%) were evaluated by pulmonary tissue staining. The results were analyzed statistically.


The differences of HR and MAP were not significant among 5 groups (all P > 0.05). The levels of mPAP, RVHI and WT% in group B ((27.4 ± 3.7) mm Hg, 0.35 ± 0.03, 26.7% ± 2.4%), group S ((29.9 ± 4.4) mm Hg, 0.36 ± 0.03, 28.2% ± 1.9%) and group Com ((23.1 ± 3.9) mm Hg, 0.32 ± 0.03, 17.4% ± 3.3%) were lower than those in group P ((35.4 ± 5.7) mm Hg, 0.41 ± 0.05, 42.8% ± 5.9%) (all P < 0.05).


The combined use of beraprost and simvastatin may delay the increase of mPAP and remodeling of pulmonary vessels and inhibit right ventricular hypertrophy in pulmonary arterial hypertension rats. Its efficacy is superior to that of monotherapy.

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