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World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Sep 21;19(35):5870-6. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i35.5870.

ITGA1 polymorphisms and haplotypes are associated with gastric cancer risk in a Korean population.

Author information

1
Dong-Hyuk Yim, Sang-Yong Eom, Sun In Moon, Yong-Dae Kim, Heon Kim, Department of Preventive Medicine and Medical Research Institute, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, South Korea.

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate the association between the genetic polymorphisms and haplotypes of the ITGA1 gene and the risk of gastric cancer.

METHODS:

The study subjects were 477 age- and sex-matched case-control pairs. Genotyping was performed for 15 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ITGA1. The associations between gastric cancer and these SNPs and haplotypes were analyzed with multivariate conditional logistic regression models. Multiple testing corrections were carried out following methodology for controlling the false discovery rate. Gene-based association tests were performed using the versatile gene-based association study (VEGAS) method.

RESULTS:

In the codominant model, the ORs for SNPs rs2432143 (1.517; 95%CI: 1.144-2.011) and rs2447867 (1.258; 95%CI: 1.051-1.505) were statistically significant. In the dominant model, polymorphisms of rs1862610 and rs2447867 were found to be significant risk factors, with ORs of 1.337 (95%CI: 1.029-1.737) and 1.412 (95%CI: 1.061-1.881), respectively. In the recessive model, only the rs2432143 polymorphism was significant (OR = 1.559, 95%CI: 1.150-2.114). The C-C type of ITGA1 haplotype block 2 was a significant protective factor against gastric cancer in the both codominant model (OR = 0.602, 95%CI: 0.212-0.709, P = 0.021) and the dominant model (OR = 0.653, 95%CI: 0.483-0.884). The ITGA1 gene showed a significant gene-based association with gastric cancer in the VEGAS test. In the dominant model, the A-T type of ITGA1 haplotype block 2 was a significant risk factor (OR = 1.341, 95%CI: 1.034-1.741). SNP rs2447867 might be related to the severity of gastric epithelial injury due to inflammation and, thus, to the risk of developing gastric cancer.

CONCLUSION:

ITGA1 gene SNPs rs1862610, rs24321 43, and rs2447867 and the ITGA1 haplotype block that includes SNPs rs1862610 and rs2432143 were significantly associated with gastric cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Gastric cancer; Haplotype; ITGA1; Integrin; Polymorphism

PMID:
24124332
PMCID:
PMC3793141
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v19.i35.5870
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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