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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Apr;39(4):958-65. doi: 10.1002/jmri.24257. Epub 2013 Oct 10.

Method to create regional mechanical dyssynchrony maps from short-axis cine steady-state free-precession images.

Author information

1
Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology / Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To develop a robust method to assess regional mechanical dyssynchrony from cine short-axis MR images. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment for patients with heart failure and evidence of left-ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony. Patient response to CRT is greatest when the LV pacing lead is placed in the most dyssynchronous segment. Existing techniques for assessing regional dyssynchrony require difficult acquisition and/or postprocessing. Our goal was to develop a widely applicable and robust method to assess regional mechanical dyssynchrony.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Using the endocardial boundary, radial displacement curves (RDCs) were generated throughout the LV. Cross-correlation was used to determine the delay time between each RDC and a patient-specific reference. Delay times were projected onto the American Heart Association 17-segment model creating a regional dyssynchrony map. Our method was tested in 10 normal individuals and 10 patients enrolled for CRT (QRS > 120 ms, NYHA III-IV, EF < 35%).

RESULTS:

Delay times over the LV were 23.9 ± 33.8 ms and 93.1 ± 99.9 ms (P < 0.001) in normal subjects and patients, respectively. Interobserver reproducibility for segment averages was 6.8 ± 39.3 ms and there was 70% agreement in identifying the latest contracting segment.

CONCLUSION:

We have developed a method that can reliably calculate regional delay times from cine steady-state free-precession (SSFP) images. Maps of regional dyssynchrony could be used to identify the latest-contracting segment to assist in CRT lead implantation.

KEYWORDS:

cardiac resynchronization therapy; magnetic resonance imaging; mechanical dyssynchrony

PMID:
24123528
PMCID:
PMC3961510
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.24257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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