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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Apr;39(4):872-8. doi: 10.1002/jmri.24248. Epub 2013 Oct 7.

Liver dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI for staging liver fibrosis in a piglet model.

Author information

1
Sichuan Key Laboratory of Medical Imaging, and Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) could monitor progression of liver fibrosis in a piglet model, and which DCE-MRI parameter is most accurate for staging this disease.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Sixteen piglets were prospectively used to model liver fibrosis and underwent liver DCE-MRI followed by biopsy on the 0, 5th, 9th, 16th, and 21st weekends after modeling of fibrosis. Time of peak (TOP), time to peak (TTP), positive enhancement integral (PEI), maximum slope of increase (MSI), and maximum slope of decrease (MSD) were measured and statistically analyzed for the monitoring and staging.

RESULTS:

As fibrosis progresses, TOP and TTP tended to increase, whereas MSI, MSD, and PEI tended to decrease (all P < 0.05). TOP, TTP, and MSI could discriminate fibrosis stage 0 from 1-4, 0-1 from 2-4, 0-2 from 3-4, and 0-3 from 4; PEI could distinguish the above-mentioned stages except 0-3 from 4; and MSD could distinguish stage 0-3 from 4, and 0 from 1-4 (all P < 0.05). For predicting stage ≥1, ≥2, and ≥3, the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of MSI was largest among all parameters; for stage 4 AUC of TTP was largest.

CONCLUSION:

DCE-MRI has the potential to dynamically stage progression of liver fibrosis.

KEYWORDS:

dynamic contrast-enhancement; liver fibrosis; magnetic resonance imaging; stage

PMID:
24123400
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.24248
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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