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Muscle Nerve. 2014 Feb;49(2):289-92. doi: 10.1002/mus.24096. Epub 2013 Dec 16.

De novo partial deletion in GRID2 presenting with complicated spastic paraplegia.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité - University Hospital, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Complex forms of spastic paraplegia (SPG) are rare and genetically heterogeneous. In apparently sporadic cases, analysis of known SPG genes often fails to reveal a mutation.

METHODS:

We report a 24-year-old patient with a syndrome of spastic paraplegia, ataxia, frontotemporal dementia, and lower motor neuron involvement.

RESULTS:

Screening of the patient's genome for copy number variation identified a novel 276 kb deletion spanning the first exon of the GRID2 gene. MRI scan showed atrophy of the cerebellum, and electromyography revealed a chronic disorder of motor neurons or their axons. A deletion in GRID2, coding for the glutamate receptor delta-2 subunit precursor protein, was excluded in either parent, suggesting that the deletion in the index patient occurred de novo.

CONCLUSIONS:

We hypothesize that the deletion identified here is the cause of our patient's clinical presentation, due to the resemblance to the GRID2 mutation phenotype in mouse models.

KEYWORDS:

GRID2; array comparative genomic hybridization; ataxia; complicated spastic paraplegia; frontotemporal dementia; glutamate receptor delta-2 subunit precursor protein

PMID:
24122788
DOI:
10.1002/mus.24096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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