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Mol Cell Biochem. 2013 Dec;384(1-2):263-8.

Increased expression of microRNA-9 predicts an unfavorable prognosis in human glioma.


microRNA-9 (miR-9) has been found to be upregulated along with tumor progression of gliomas by microarray-based expression profiling, and also be strongly linked to glioblastoma subtypes. However, its prognostic value in glioma is still elusive. miR-9 expression in human gliomas and nonneoplastic brain tissues was measured by real-time quantitative RT-PCR assay. miR-9 expression in glioma tissues was significantly higher than that in corresponding nonneoplastic brain tissues (P\0.001). The increased expression of miR-9 was more frequently observed in glioma tissues with high WHO grade than those with low WHO grade tissues (P = 0.001). The expression levels of miR-9 in glioma tissues with low Karnofsky performance score (KPS) were also significantly higher than those with high KPS (P = 0.008). Moreover, the overall survival of glioma patients with high miR-9 expression was obviously lower than that with low miR-9 expression (P\0.001). Multivariate analysis further showed that high miR-9 expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in glioma patients (P = 0.01). More importantly, the subgroup analyses indicated that the overall survival of glioma patients with high WHO grade (III–IV) was significantly worse for high miR-9 expression group than for low miR-9 expression group (P\0.001), but no significant difference was found for patients with low WHO grade (I–II). These findings suggest for the first time that the increased expression of miR-9 may play an important role in tumor progression in human gliomas. miR-9 might be a useful marker for predicting the clinical outcome of glioma patients, especially for advanced subtypes.

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