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Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2014 May 1;19(3):e206-11.

Burnout, depression and suicidal ideation in dental students.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Seville, Avda Doctor Fedriani s/n, 41009 Seville, Spain, fgalan@us.es.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the prevalence, gender influence, and relationships between burnout, depression and suicidal ideation within the last year among second, fourth and fifth-year dental students.

STUDY DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 dental students enrolled in the second, fourth and fifth years at the School of Dentistry of Seville using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and the MBI-Human Services Survey, the "Patient Health Questionnaire-2", and the "Questions about Suicidal Ideation and Attempted Suicide".

RESULTS:

The response rate among dental students was 80%. Burnout prevalence in dental students was higher in second and fourth years than in fifth year (p = 0.059 and p = 0.003, respectively). Depression prevalence in the fourth year approached significance (p = 0.051). Prevalence of suicidal ideation within the past year was higher, yet not reaching significance, in fourth year. No gender-related differences were found. A significant association was observed between burnout and depression, and between depression and suicidal ideation (p < 0.001), but no association was found between burnout and suicidal ideation.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study has brought our attention to the high prevalence of burnout and depression, and reported for the first time the prevalence of suicidal ideation among dental students in preclinical and clinical years.

PMID:
24121916
PMCID:
PMC4048106
DOI:
10.4317/medoral.19281
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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