Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2013 Nov 22;288(47):33571-84. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.482364. Epub 2013 Oct 11.

A knock-in mouse model of human PHD2 gene-associated erythrocytosis establishes a haploinsufficiency mechanism.

Author information

  • 1From the Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine.


The central pathway for controlling red cell mass is the PHD (prolyl hydroxylase domain protein):hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway. HIF, which is negatively regulated by PHD, activates numerous genes, including ones involved in erythropoiesis, such as the ERYTHROPOIETIN (EPO) gene. Recent studies have implicated PHD2 as the key PHD isoform regulating red cell mass. Studies of humans have identified erythrocytosis-associated, heterozygous point mutations in the PHD2 gene. A key question concerns the mechanism by which human mutations lead to phenotypes. In the present report, we generated and characterized a mouse line in which a P294R knock-in mutation has been introduced into the mouse Phd2 locus to model the first reported human PHD2 mutation (P317R). Phd2(P294R/+) mice display a degree of erythrocytosis equivalent to that seen in Phd2(+/-) mice. The Phd2(P294R/+)-associated erythrocytosis is reversed in a Hif2a(+/-), but not a Hif1a(+/-) background. Additional studies using various conditional knock-outs of Phd2 reveal that erythrocytosis can be induced by homozygous and heterozygous knock-out of Phd2 in renal cortical interstitial cells using a Pax3-Cre transgene or by homozygous knock-out of Phd2 in hematopoietic progenitors driven by a Vav1-Cre transgene. These studies formally prove that a missense mutation in PHD2 is the cause of the erythrocytosis, show that this occurs through haploinsufficiency, and point to multifactorial control of red cell mass by PHD2.


Erythropoeisis; Erythropoietin; Hypoxia; Hypoxia-inducible Factor; Hypoxia-inducible Factor (HIF); Prolyl Hydroxylase Domain Protein

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center