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Nature. 1985 Aug 29-Sep 4;316(6031):820-3.

Detection of P-glycoprotein in multidrug-resistant cell lines by monoclonal antibodies.


One reason for the failure of chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced cancers may be the outgrowth of multidrug-resistant tumour cells. Multidrug resistance has been modelled in numerous mammalian cell lines in which the phenotype is characterized by a pleiotropic cross-resistance to unrelated drugs. In the study reported here, we have produced monoclonal antibodies whose binding to plasma membranes of different multidrug-resistant mammalian cells correlates with the degree of drug resistance. All these antibodies are specific for P-glycoprotein, a cell surface component of relative molecular mass (Mr) 170,000 (170K) that has been described previously, and are directed against three spatially distinct epitopes which define a conserved cytoplasmic domain in the C-terminal region of the P-glycoprotein polypeptide. The conserved nature of P-glycoprotein and its low-level expression is drug-sensitive cells suggest that it has an important function at the cell surface. The monoclonal antibodies against P-glycoprotein described here might serve as diagnostic reagents for clinically unresponsive tumours.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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