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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1985 Jun;16(1):85-96.

Incorporation of sialic acid into Trypanosoma cruzi macromolecules. A proposal for a new metabolic route.


Sialo- and asialoglycoconjugates were isolated from Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes and their composition determined. Sialoglycoconjugates bound to wheat germ agglutinin (WGA)-Sepharose and were precipitated by concanavalin A, Wistaria floribunda hemagglutinin and WGA. Asialoglycoconjugate bound to concanavalin A-Sepharose and precipitated with concanavalin-A and W. floribunda hemagglutinin but not with WGA. Cells grown in the presence of fetal calf serum were agglutinated by WGA but not by peanut agglutinin. The reverse was true for cells grown without fetal calf serum. Neuraminidase-treated cells incorporated sialic acid or its 7-carbon analog, 5-acetamido-3,5-dideoxy-L-arabino-2-heptulosonic acid (AcNeu7) from sialylated compounds such as fetuin or sialyl-lactose but did not incorporate free sialic acid. Restoration of the WGA sialylreceptors in neuraminidase-treated cells, as determined by cell agglutination with WGA, was also obtained by incubation with fetuin or sialyl-lactose but not with free sialic acid. Moreover, restoration of agglutinability by WGA in neuraminidase-treated cells or cells grown in medium without fetal calf serum occurred equally well in energy-rich or energy-depleted cells. A transglycosilase reaction for sialic acid incorporation in T. cruzi epimastigotes is suggested.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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