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J Ethnopharmacol. 2013 Dec 12;150(3):918-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2013.09.032. Epub 2013 Oct 10.

An ethnobotanical survey of indigenous medicinal plants in Wana district south Waziristan agency, Pakistan.

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1
Department of Botany, University of Science and Technology, Bannu, Pakistan.

Abstract

ETHNOMEDICINAL RELEVANCE:

Medicinal plants are treasure of any region for ailment treatment. The present research work was focused to document the indigenous knowledge of unexplored area of Wana, South Waziristan Agency, Pakistan. This was the very first study, to explore the potential ethno-medicinal plants of study area.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Data was collected by opting people participation involving interviews, group meetings, semi structured discussions and filling of questionnaires.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

A total 50 wild medicinal plants belonging to 30 families were collected. Medicinal plants used against the stomach disorders were 10% followed by the cold/cough (8%), hepatitis (7%), diuretic (7%), sedative/narcotic (7%), tonic (6%), asthma (5%), cardiac problems (4%), jaundice (4%) and so on. Among plant parts used for indigenous medicines, leaves were (24%) followed by the fruit (15%), root (12%), seed (11%), whole plant (9%), arial parts (8%), flower (6%), rhizome, bark and stem (4%), bulbs (2%) and pods (1%). Xanthium strumarium reported the highest use value i.e. 0.95.

CONCLUSION:

People of Wana still rely on indigenous plants for their basic healthcare needs. Harvesting of roots and whole plants is a big threat to conservation of medicinal plants diversity.

KEYWORDS:

Ailments; Ethno-medicines; Medicinal plants; Wana; Waziristan

PMID:
24120747
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2013.09.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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