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Steroids. 2013 Dec 20;78(14):1305-11. doi: 10.1016/j.steroids.2013.09.010. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

25-Methoxylprotopanaxadiol derivatives and their anti-proliferative activities.

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  • 1School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, PR China.


(20R)-25-Methoxyl-dammarane-3β,12β,20-triol (25-OCH₃-PPD) is a dammarane-type sapogenin showing anti-proliferative potential. In our study, two series of analogs substituted at the C-3 or C-3 and C-12 positions with fatty acids were prepared conveniently. The cytotoxic activity of these compounds was evaluated using four different human tumor cell lines (A549, Hela, HT-29 and MCF-7) and a normal cell line (IOSE144). As compared with 25-OCH₃-PPD, compounds 1a, 1b, 2a and 2b showed better anti-proliferative activities against all tumor cell lines and all the derivatives, with low toxicities in the normal cell line. Compound 1a (C-3 monoformiate) exhibited the strongest activity with the IC₅₀ value of 5.2 μM towards HT29 cells. The results indicated that the difference in the substituents may affect the anti-proliferative activity of the compounds. The longer the side chain of 25-OCH₃-PPD is, the lower the anti-proliferative activity would be. This information may be useful for evaluating the structure-activity relationship of other dammarane-type sapogenins and for development of novel antineoplastic agents.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


25-OCH(3)-PPD; Anti-proliferative; Derivatives; MTT; Structure–activity relationship

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