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Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2014 Dec;24(6):935-42. doi: 10.1111/sms.12127. Epub 2013 Sep 30.

Examining the relationship between relative age, competition level, and dropout rates in male youth ice-hockey players.

Author information

1
Graduate Program in Kinesiology & Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

The relative age effect suggests that athletes born in the first two quartiles of a given selection year experience a selection advantage and therefore a greater opportunity for success. We describe two studies examining the relationship between relative age, competition level, and dropout rates of Ontario Minor Hockey Association male ice-hockey players from ages 10 to 15 years (n = 14 325). In Study 1, dropout was highest among players born in quartiles three and four [χ(2) (3) = 16.32, P < 0.05; w = 0.06], while Study 2 found dropped out players to have less movement between competition levels compared to retained players. This study confirms a relationship between relative age and dropout from ice-hockey and adds further depth to our understanding of this persistent phenomenon.

KEYWORDS:

biases; inequity; physical activity; skill acquisition; talent

PMID:
24118622
DOI:
10.1111/sms.12127
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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