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J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2014 Feb;25(2):197-207. doi: 10.1111/jce.12289. Epub 2013 Oct 7.

hERG inhibitors with similar potency but different binding kinetics do not pose the same proarrhythmic risk: implications for drug safety assessment.

Author information

1
Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Translational Safety, Drug Safety & Metabolism, AstraZeneca, Manchester, UK.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Since the discovery of the link that exists between drug-induced hERG inhibition and Torsade de Pointes (TdP), extreme attention has been given to avoid new drugs inhibiting this channel. hERG inhibition is routinely screened for in new drugs and, typically, IC50 values are compared to projected plasma concentrations to define a safety margin.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We aimed to show that drugs with similar hERG potency are not uniformly pro-arrhythmic-this depends on the drug binding kinetics and mode of action (trapped or not) rather than the IC50 value only. We used a mathematical model of hERG and its related encoded current IKr to simulate drug binding in different configurations. Expression systems mimicking the screening process were first investigated. hERG model was then incorporated into a canine action potential (AP) and tissue model to study the impact of drug binding configurations on AP and pseudo-ECG (QT interval prolongation). Our data show that: (1) trapped and not trapped configurations and different binding kinetics could be identified during hERG screening; (2) slow binding, not trapped drugs, induced less AP prolongation and minimal QT interval prolongation (4.7%) at a concentration equal to the IC50 whereas maximal pro-arrhythmic risk was observed for trapped drugs at the same concentration (QT interval prolongation, 23.1%).

CONCLUSION:

Our study demonstrates the need for screening for hERG binding configurations rather than potency alone. It also demonstrates the potential link between hERG, drug mode of action and TdP, and the need to question the current regulatory guidance.

KEYWORDS:

QT prolongation; Torsades de Pointes; computational modeling; drug binding kinetics; hERG ion channel; pro-arrhythmia; ventricular tachycardia

PMID:
24118558
DOI:
10.1111/jce.12289
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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