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Public Health Nurs. 2014 May-Jun;31(3):253-61. doi: 10.1111/phn.12084. Epub 2013 Sep 30.

Expectations and self-efficacy of African American parents who discuss sexuality with their adolescent sons: an intervention study.

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1
McAuley School of Nursing, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Despite research that suggests parental communication may help deter high-risk sexual behavior among adolescents, parents report a lack of confidence in their ability to answer sexually related questions. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of a multimedia intervention on outcome expectations and perceived self-efficacy for the sex educator role for parents of African American adolescent males.

DESIGN AND SAMPLE:

A pilot study using mixed methods was conducted. A nonprobability sample (N = 61) was obtained from a large urban community using a combination of convenience and snowball recruitment methods.

MEASURES:

Self-efficacy and outcome expectations were measured using self-reported questionnaires.

INTERVENTION:

A multimedia intervention for use at home and incorporating an audio CD and associated activities was implemented over a 3-week time period.

RESULTS:

Outcome expectations and self-efficacy both significantly improved after the intervention (p < .001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings indicate that using a multimedia approach may be effective in improving parents' outcome expectancy and self-efficacy for talking about sex with adolescent sons.

KEYWORDS:

African American parent; adolescent males; outcome expectancy; self-efficacy; sex educator

PMID:
24117865
DOI:
10.1111/phn.12084
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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