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Acta Paediatr. 2014 Jan;103(1):105-11. doi: 10.1111/apa.12433. Epub 2013 Nov 11.

Exclusive breastfeeding for 4 versus 6 months and growth in early childhood.

Author information

1
Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali - The National University Hospital of Iceland and Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the growth and the prevalence of overweight in early childhood among infants exclusively breastfed for 6 months (EBF) compared with those receiving complementary foods from 4 months of age in addition to breast milk (CF).

METHODS:

A total of 119 mother-infant pairs were randomised either in the CF or in the EBF group. Weight, length and head circumference of the infants were measured at birth, 6 weeks, and 3-6 months of age. In the follow-up, the children's weight, length and head circumference were measured at 8, 10, 12 and 18 months and weight and height at 29-38 months.

RESULTS:

There were no differences between groups in the anthropometric outcome measures of weight-for-age (p = 0.78), length-for-age (p = 0.59), head-circumference-for-age (p = 0.82) and BMI-for-age (p = 0.61), using repeated measurements ANOVA. Furthermore, no difference was seen in the prevalence between groups in risk of being overweight or in those who were overweight at 18 months and 29-38 months of age.

CONCLUSION:

Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 4 or 6 months of life does not seem to affect the risk of being overweight or the prevalence of those who were overweight in early childhood.

KEYWORDS:

Complementary feeding; Exclusive breastfeeding; Growth; Overweight; Randomised trial

PMID:
24117808
DOI:
10.1111/apa.12433
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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