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Drug Des Devel Ther. 2013 Oct 4;7:1157-78. doi: 10.2147/DDDT.S49763. eCollection 2013.

8-Hydroxyquinolines: a review of their metal chelating properties and medicinal applications.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Applied Technology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract

Metal ions play an important role in biological processes and in metal homeostasis. Metal imbalance is the leading cause for many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis. 8-Hydroxyquinoline (8HQ) is a small planar molecule with a lipophilic effect and a metal chelating ability. As a result, 8HQ and its derivatives hold medicinal properties such as antineurodegenerative, anticancer, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antidiabetic activities. Herein, diverse bioactivities of 8HQ and newly synthesized 8HQ-based compounds are discussed together with their mechanisms of actions and structure-activity relationships.

KEYWORDS:

anticancer; antidiabetic; antineurodegenerative; metal binding compound; multifunctional actions; structure-activity relationships

PMID:
24115839
PMCID:
PMC3793592
DOI:
10.2147/DDDT.S49763
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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