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Eur Respir J. 2014 Mar;43(3):763-72. doi: 10.1183/09031936.00054213. Epub 2013 Oct 10.

A comparison of the efficacy and safety of once-daily fluticasone furoate/vilanterol with twice-daily fluticasone propionate/salmeterol in moderate to very severe COPD.

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Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona.


Fluticasone furoate/vilanterol trifenatate (FF/VI) is a once-daily inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β₂-agonist combination in development for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treatment. We compared the efficacy and safety of FF/VI versus fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FP/SAL) twice daily over 12 weeks. Moderate to very severe COPD patients received FF/VI 100/25 μg once daily in the morning (n=266) or FP/SAL 500/50 μg twice daily (n=262). The primary end-point was a change from baseline in 0-24 h weighted mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s (wmFEV₁) at 12 weeks. Additional end-points included time to 100 mL improvement from baseline on day 1 and a change from baseline in St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Safety was also assessed. wmFEV₁ (mean 130 mL) was greater and time to 100 mL improvement shorter (median 16 min) with FF/VI than FP/SAL (weighted mean 108 mL, median 28 min). Health status (SGRQ total score) improved in both groups (FF/VI -4.3 units, FP/SAL -3.0 units). Differences between treatments were not statistically significant. Six patients in the FF/VI (2%) and three in the FP/SAL (1%) arm experienced serious adverse events, none of which were considered to be drug related. Improvements in lung function and health status were not significantly different between FF/VI 100/25 μg once daily and FP/SAL 500/50 μg twice daily; there was no apparent difference between the safety profiles of either therapy.


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