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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1985 Sep;3(5):419-32.

Serologic analysis of antigen-specific reactivity in patients with systemic candidiasis.


Antibody responses to candidal polypeptides and mannans were studied in patients with systemic candidiasis, candiduria, and other fungal and bacterial infections, and in healthy laboratory personnel to determine the diagnostic value of these immunologic responses. When tested by immunoblot analysis, sera from 15 patients with systemic candidiasis frequently contained antibodies to three antigens: 15 of 15 sera from patients with invasive disease reacted to a molecular species having a molecular weight (Mr of 90-200 kd, 13 of 15 reacted with a 45-kd polypeptide, and 12 of 15 reacted with a 17-kd polypeptide. Lesser reactivity was observed in 11 of 15 sera with a 28-kd candidal antigen and in 9 of 15 to a 57-kd candidal antigen. Quantitation of antibody titers against the 45-kd candidal polypeptide demonstrated much higher immunoreactivity in patients with systemic candidiasis than in patients with superficial candidal infections, bacterial infections, other systemic mycoses, and healthy individuals. Antimannan antibody titers were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and these titers were also higher in patients with systemic candidiasis than in patients in the other categories. These differences, however, were less than those observed with the anti-45-kd polypeptide antibody. Therefore, the ability to detect systemic candidiasis is improved by testing sera for immunoreactivity to polypeptide and to mannan antigens from Candida albicans. Detection of polypeptide antibodies improves the serodiagnosis of systemic candidiasis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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