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Cell Immunol. 1985 Sep;94(2):299-311.

Role of the L3T4 antigen in T-cell activation. I. Description of a monoclonal IgM antibody to a distinct epitope (L3T4b) of the L3T4 antigen and its effect on interleukin 1-induced thymocyte proliferation.


This report describes a new rat monoclonal IgM/k antibody, monoclonal antibody (MAb) 2B6, which reacts with a cell surface antigen present on a subpopulation of both thymocytes (85%) and peripheral T lymphocytes (55-60%). The antigen recognized by MAb 2B6 has multiple properties in common with the L3T4 antigen, as defined by the recently described MAb GK1.5. Thus, MAb 2B6 and MAb GK1.5 give very similar flow cytometry staining patterns on thymocytes, purified spleen T cells and all tested T-cell hybridomas. Depletion of MAb 2B6-positive cells with antibody and complement led to simultaneous depletion of MAb GK1.5-positive cells, and vice versa. Depletion of Lyt 2-positive cells led to enrichment of both MAb 2B6- and MAb GK1.5-positive cells. Both MAb 2B6 and MAb GK1.5 immunoprecipitate the same pattern of cell surface molecules from detergent extracts of radiolabeled thymocytes, the main components being a 55-kDa and a 115-kDa band. We therefore conclude that MAb 2B6 reacts with the L3T4 antigen. Interestingly, MAb 2B6 and MAb GK1.5 do not cross-block and therefore most probably react with distinct epitopes on the L3T4 molecule. The determinant recognized by MAb GK1.5 is called L3T4a. We suggest that the determinant recognized by MAb 2B6 be named L3T4b. As MAb 2B6 was selected for its ability to inhibit the action of interleukin 1 (IL-1) in the thymocyte costimulator assay, it is likely that the L3T4 molecule is functionally involved in the events taking place during IL-1 induction of thymocyte proliferation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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