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Int J Surg. 2013;11(10):1038-42. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2013.09.016. Epub 2013 Oct 7.

How can we improve surgical research and innovation?: the IDEAL framework for action.

Author information

1
IDEAL Collaboration, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Electronic address: allison.hirst@nds.ox.ac.uk.

KEYWORDS:

Ethics; IDEAL collaboration; Methodology; Reporting quality; Research quality; Surgical research

PMID:
24113195
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijsu.2013.09.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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