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J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2014 Jan;25(1):66-73. doi: 10.1111/jce.12270. Epub 2013 Sep 24.

Cardiac channelopathies associated with infantile fatal ventricular arrhythmias: from the cradle to the bench.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Shiga, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fatal ventricular arrhythmias in the early period of life have been associated with cardiac channelopathies for decades, and postmortem analyses in SIDS victims have provided evidence of this association. However, the prevalence and functional properties of cardiac ion channel mutations in infantile fatal arrhythmia cases are not clear.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Seven infants with potentially lethal arrhythmias at age < 1 year (5 males, age of onset 44.1 ± 72.1 days) were genetically analyzed for KCNQ1, KCNH2, KCNE1-5, KCNJ2, SCN5A, GJA5, and CALM1 by using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography and direct sequencing. Whole-cell currents of wildtype and mutant channels were recorded and analyzed in Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with SCN5A and KCNH2 cDNA. In 5 of 7 patients, we identified 4 mutations (p.N1774D, p.T290fsX53, p.F1486del and p.N406K) in SCN5A, and 1 mutation (p.G628D) in KCNH2. N1774D, F1486del, and N406K in SCN5A displayed tetrodotoxin-sensitive persistent late Na(+) currents. By contrast, SCN5A-T290fsX53 was nonfunctional. KCNH2-G628D exhibited loss of channel function.

CONCLUSION:

Genetic screening of 7 patients was used to demonstrate the high prevalence of cardiac channelopathies. Functional assays revealed both gain and loss of channel function in SCN5A mutations, as well as loss of function associated with the KCNH2 mutation.

KEYWORDS:

Brugada syndrome; KCNH2; SCN5A; SIDS; long-QT syndrome; ventricular arrhythmia

PMID:
24112685
DOI:
10.1111/jce.12270
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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