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Am J Surg. 2014 Jan;207(1):141-5. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.04.011. Epub 2013 Oct 7.

Formal research training during surgical residency: scaffolding for academic success.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada.
2
Department of Surgery, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Québec, Canada.
3
Department of Surgery, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada; Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Montreal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: simon.bergman@mcgill.ca.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a formal surgical research program (leading to a postgraduate degree) during residency, on future research productivity.

METHODS:

We surveyed all North American graduates of the McGill University general surgery residency program between 1987 and 2005. The survey included questions on research involvement before, during, and after general surgery residency. This was combined with a literature search revealing all research publications of the participants. Outcomes were the yearly average of publications and awarded funding as faculty members.

RESULTS:

Seventy-five of 119 graduates (63%) responded. Staff physicians who had participated in formal research programs during residency (n = 35), compared with those who had not (n = 40), produced more publications per year (2.8 ± 2.3 vs 1.1 ± 1.2, P < .01) and had greater funding success (81% vs 55%, P = .03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Residents who had participated in formal research programs during residency were more likely to have greater academic success.

KEYWORDS:

Education; Research training; Residency

PMID:
24112667
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.04.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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