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Allergy. 2013 Oct;68(10):1338-40. doi: 10.1111/all.12227. Epub 2013 Sep 21.

Anaphylactic responses to histamine in mice utilize both histamine receptors 1 and 2.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially life-threatening reaction that can occur in response to common triggers, including food allergens (e.g., peanut), insect stings, and several medications. Activation of mast cells and basophils to release preformed mediators, such as histamine, is thought to be an important process that underlies reactions. Histamine can exert effects through four different receptors, termed H1R-H4R. Despite clinical use of both H1R and H2R blockers in the therapy for acute allergic reactions, there is little mechanistic evidence to support the necessity for blocking H2R, a receptor best characterized for its role in stomach acid production.

METHODS:

Here, we sought to define the necessity for histamine receptors in the pathology of anaphylaxis using H1R and H2R knockout (KO) mice, as well as a H1R/H2R double KO strain.

RESULTS:

In response to IgE-mediated systemic anaphylaxis, the symptoms and decreases in core body temperature observed in wild-type mice were reduced but not ablated in either H1R or H2R KO. In contrast, H1R/H2R KO were significantly protected and were indistinguishable from histamine-deficient mice. Intravenous injection of histamine was sufficient to elicit these responses, and similar to IgE-mediated anaphylaxis, loss of both H1R and H2R was necessary for complete protection.

CONCLUSION:

Our data demonstrate definitively that both H1R and H2R participate in the immediate systemic responses during histamine-associated pathophysiology and mechanistically support the utility of H2R-blocking therapeutics in alleviating symptoms of anaphylaxis.

KEYWORDS:

IgE; anaphylaxis; antihistamine; histamine

PMID:
24112077
PMCID:
PMC4264402
DOI:
10.1111/all.12227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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