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Pediatr Pulmonol. 2014 Mar;49(3):E52-5. doi: 10.1002/ppul.22814. Epub 2013 Sep 18.

Acute eosinophilic pneumonia occurring in a dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficient patient.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan.

Abstract

Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency is an autosomal recessive type of combined immunodeficiency with elevated IgE. In this report, we describe a Japanese girl of non-consanguineous family suffering from acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) as a presenting feature of DOCK8 deficiency. Although AEP was self-limiting, consecutively experienced recurrent respiratory infections, severe atopic dermatitis, and vulnerability to viral infections, prompted us to evaluate the possibility of DOCK8 deficiency. Immunological assessments demonstrated decreased IgM, increased IgE, T lymphocytepenia, especially in CD4 T cells, decreased PHA blastogenesis, and decreased CD27(+) CD19(+) memory B cells. Western blotting revealed the absence of DOCK8 protein. Investigation of genomic DNA by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) revealed a heterozygous large deletion of 77 kb spanning from intron 5 to exon 22. DOCK8 cDNA sequencing revealed a nonsense mutation at position 740 (E740X). As far as we know, this is the first Japanese case of DOCK8 deficiency.

KEYWORDS:

atopic dermatitis; food allergy; hyper IgE syndrome; lymphocytepenia; pulmonary infiltrate

PMID:
24106060
DOI:
10.1002/ppul.22814
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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