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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2014 Jan;13(1):63-72. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M113.032235. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

Protein microarray characterization of the S-nitrosoproteome.

Author information

1
Neuroregeneration Program, Institute for Cell Engineering.

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) mediates a substantial part of its physiologic functions via S-nitrosylation, however the cellular substrates for NO-mediated S-nitrosylation are largely unknown. Here we describe the S-nitrosoproteome using a high-density protein microarray chip containing 16,368 unique human proteins. We identified 834 potentially S-nitrosylated human proteins. Using a unique and highly specific labeling and affinity capture of S-nitrosylated proteins, 138 cysteine residues on 131 peptides in 95 proteins were determined, defining critical sites of NO's actions. Of these cysteine residues 113 are novel sites of S-nitrosylation. A consensus sequence motif from these 834 proteins for S-nitrosylation was identified, suggesting that the residues flanking the S-nitrosylated cysteine are likely to be the critical determinant of whether the cysteine is S-nitrosylated. We identify eight ubiquitin E3 ligases, RNF10, RNF11, RNF41, RNF141, RNF181, RNF208, WWP2, and UBE3A, whose activities are modulated by S-nitrosylation, providing a unique regulatory mechanism of the ubiquitin proteasome system. These results define a new and extensive set of proteins that are susceptible to NO regulation via S-nitrosylation. Similar approaches could be used to identify other post-translational modification proteomes.

PMID:
24105792
PMCID:
PMC3879630
DOI:
10.1074/mcp.M113.032235
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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