Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Hum Mol Genet. 2014 Feb 15;23(4):992-1001. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddt495. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

RNA sequencing-based identification of aberrant imprinting in cloned mice.

Author information

1
Department of Informative Genetics, Environment and Genome Research Center.

Abstract

Animals cloned by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) provide a unique model for understanding the mechanisms of nuclear epigenetic reprogramming to a state of totipotency. Though many phenotypic abnormalities have been demonstrated in cloned animals, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, we performed transcriptome-wide allelic expression analyses in brain and placental tissues of cloned mice. We found that Gab1, Sfmbt2 and Slc38a4 showed loss of imprinting in all cloned mice analyzed, which might be involved in placentomegaly of cloned mice. These three genes did not require de novo DNA methylation in growing oocytes for the establishment of imprinting, implying the involvement of a de novo DNA methylation-independent mechanism. Loss of Dlk1-Dio3 imprinting was also observed in nearly half of cloned mouse embryos and showed a strong correlation with embryonic lethality. Our findings are essential to understand the underlying mechanisms of developmental abnormalities of cloned animals. We also emphasize that particular attention should be paid to specific imprinted genes for therapeutic and agricultural applications of SCNT.

PMID:
24105465
DOI:
10.1093/hmg/ddt495
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center