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Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 8;3:2868. doi: 10.1038/srep02868.

VSL#3 probiotic modifies mucosal microbial composition but does not reduce colitis-associated colorectal cancer.

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1
Department of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.

Abstract

Although probiotics have shown success in preventing the development of experimental colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CRC), beneficial effects of interventional treatment are relatively unknown. Here we show that interventional treatment with VSL#3 probiotic alters the luminal and mucosally-adherent microbiota, but does not protect against inflammation or tumorigenesis in the azoxymethane (AOM)/Il10⁻/⁻ mouse model of colitis-associated CRC. VSL#3 (10⁹ CFU/animal/day) significantly enhanced tumor penetrance, multiplicity, histologic dysplasia scores, and adenocarcinoma invasion relative to VSL#3-untreated mice. Illumina 16S sequencing demonstrated that VSL#3 significantly decreased (16-fold) the abundance of a bacterial taxon assigned to genus Clostridium in the mucosally-adherent microbiota. Mediation analysis by linear models suggested that this taxon was a contributing factor to increased tumorigenesis in VSL#3-fed mice. We conclude that VSL#3 interventional therapy can alter microbial community composition and enhance tumorigenesis in the AOM/Il10⁻/⁻ model.

PMID:
24100376
PMCID:
PMC3792409
DOI:
10.1038/srep02868
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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